The sometimes fraught relationship between leaseholders and their freeholders is going to be investigated by the Office of Fair Trading (OFT).

The enquiry will look at the way freeholders charge for the management and maintenance of leasehold homes in England and Wales.

The OFT will look at the behaviour of council and housing association freeholders as well as private ones.

The enquiry will report by the end of 2014.

The OFT estimates that there are about five million people in England and Wales living in flats they own as leaseholders.

That is where the flat is owned by someone with a lease, but the ownership of the building, whether a block of flats or a converted house, is in the hands of a separate freeholder.

The leaseholders typically pay an annual service charge to their freeholder for the upkeep of the building.

Rogue freeholders

It has long been claimed that some freeholders, or the managing agents they employ, overcharge for the cost of cleaning, maintenance or repair.

Rogue freeholders are frequently accused of:

  • deliberately overcharging their leaseholders for the cost of maintaining their buildings, including overcharging for buildings' insurance
  • demanding payment for work that is done badly, or even not at all
  • colluding with the maintenance firms they employ, in which they may also have a financial stake, to inflate the real cost of the service charges that are levied on their leaseholders

"Service charges for the maintenance of a building can be substantial and we want to make sure that leaseholders are getting a fair deal," said Rachel Merelie of the OFT.

"We are concerned that management agents and freeholders may not be incentivised to keep maintenance costs down and that leaseholders may not receive value for money," she added.